Ten Facts about Ghana that might help you to understand the place


  1. After kindergarten, children in Ghana attend school for a period of six years. Those who can afford it, send their children for secondary education. Children in Ghana begin two years of kindergarten at age four. Then all children ages 6-12 attend six years of elementary education. Only if families can afford it, children go on to secondary education. Ghana’s school system is more advanced than many of its African neighbours.
  2. The country produced 90 metric tons of gold in 2016, which makes it the 11th biggest producer of gold in the world.
  3. The capital city “Accra” translates to “ants.” It was named as such because of the anthills that once surrounded the city.
  4. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence post colonialism. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Several major civilizations flourished in the general region of what is now Ghana. The ancient empire of Ghana (located 500 mi northwest of the contemporary state) reigned until the 13th century. The Akan peoples established the next major civilization, beginning in the 13th century, and then the Ashanti empire flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  5. Lake Bosumtwi is considered a sacred place by most Ghanaians. The lake doesn’t have any outlets or inlets, it’s only fed by rain.
  6. Traditionally, Ghana was divided into three different castes namely, royals, commoners and slaves. Even today, the traditional class stratifications are still recognized although slavery is not prominent.
  7. Polygamy is legal and people don’t have a problem with polygamous families as long as the head of the family can provide for everyone. However, marrying more than one wife is often reserved for the wealthiest people in Ghana.
  8. Traditional practices on widow inheritance are still prominently practice in that a widow is expected to be married to the living brother of the late husband.
  9. The country was named after the medieval empire of West Africa which initially was Wagadugu.
  10. Before 1957, Ghana was commonly known as the Gold Coast, due to the massive amounts of gold along the Ankobra and Volta rivers. A West African country bordering on the Gulf of Guinea, Ghana is bounded by Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. It compares in size to Oregon, and its largest river is the Volta.

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